December 30, 2015
COP21, the United Nations climate change conference, reached an agreement on December 12, 2015, which aims to hold the global temperature rise to below 2°C, and possibly to below 1.5°C, above pre-industrial levels, but does not contain any greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction mandates, targets, or specific actions to achieve that goal. Instead, the agreement envisions that future GHG emission reductions would rely on a scheme of voluntary emission reduction pledges by each of the 195 countries that signed the deal, according to a December 16, 2015 DieselNet post.
The Paris conference ended in a self-congratulatory mood, with several government leaders hailing the deal, including US president Barack Obama and French president François Hollande, who called the agreement “a major leap for mankind.” A number of world’s top environmental groups were also pleased with the final agreement text.
The most important aspect of the Paris conference appears to be that it legitimizes the threat of climate change. The key components of the Paris agreement include:
- A climate change target expressed as global temperature rise: “Holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change.”
- A system of GHG emission inventory and reporting: Each of the 195 signatory countries will develop and maintain a GHG emission inventory and reporting system.
- Voluntary emission reduction pledges by each country: Each country is to submit a voluntary pledge to reduce emissions, called Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC). These emission reduction pledges will be reviewed every five years, with the first review scheduled for 2023. Before the start of the Paris conference, 186 countries submitted their initial INDC pledges to the UN.
- Financial assistance for developing countries: The adopted text “strongly urges” developed countries that signed the deal to jointly provide USD 100 billion annually starting from 2020 to developing countries for climate change mitigation and adaptation.
What this means to you
The United Nations Paris Climate Conference (COP21) reached an agreement to hold global temperature rise to below 2°C above pre-industrial levels. Each of the 195 signatory countries will develop and maintain a GHG emission inventory and reporting system, and also submit a voluntary pledge to reduce emissions. Pledges will be reviewed every five years beginning 2023.
MIRATECH can help
Contact MIRATECH to learn more about emission controls for CI and SI stationary engines.